domingo, maio 21, 2006

O relógio, o hipnotizador e um (pelo menos o meu) Hipnotismo não autorizado

Ao tentarem encontrar-se similaridades entre as interpretações internacionais para o desenvolvimento de Portugal - Sectores de Educação, Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação- e o que penso tratar-se da intenção política Nacional, que suponho genericamente transcrita no Documento de Orientação do MCTES, intitulado UM COMPROMISSO COM A CIÊNCIA PARA O FUTURO DE PORTUGAL - Vencer o atraso científico e tecnológico - já mencionado no post anterior, é difícil encontrarem-se coincidências, a não ser em alguns dos elementos estatísticos de referência, que suportam o compromisso.
Porque sei que a pesquisa de documentos é sempre muito maçadora, mas é também indispensável, para formarmos opinião fundamentada, sobre o que os nossos políticos fazem (e deixam por fazer), progressivamente, indicarei extractos e referências de alguns dos que consultei.
No post de hoje transcrevo e sublinho pontos, particularmente, importantes - as recomendações de um extracto (destacadas no original) - do Economic Survey of Portugal, 2006, da Publicação - Economic Survey of Portugal 2006: Economic Performance and Key Challenges da Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OCDE).
Following nearly two decades of strong economic growth, Portugal's performance deteriorated after 2000, and prospects remain subdued....:
  • .....it is important that the authorities remain committed to achieving the projected fiscal consolidation without slippage and that the planned structural reforms on the spending side are launched quickly and implemented forcefully. It is important that action in this area is not delayed. More radical changes should be envisaged, such as adjusting replacement rates and/or the retirement age for changes in life expectancy and limiting the costs of transition by a relatively rapid phasing-in.
  • A tax reform that really simplifies the tax system is needed. In the meantime, refraining from revising the tax legislation from one year to the next, as has happened in recent years, would make the tax system easier to manage and would facilitate long-term decision-making by economic agents. Indeed, re-establishing macroeconomic stability will be the key to ensuring that the necessary structural reforms to improve education, the labour market and the business environment can be successfully pursued.
  • Efficiency gains are being sought by closing very small schools and making better use of teaching staff, but more needs to be done to rationalise the system and achieve better quality without spending more. More needs to be done to address these issues and ensure an effective use of recently devolved autonomy by schools and teachers. Efforts are needed to improve evaluation systems and channel the results to both the providers of educational services (teachers, school principals) and the users (children and parents).
  • Raising the perceived value of schooling for the students and their families is desirable. Revamped education and career guidance services could play an instrumental role by increasing awareness that more schooling can provide high long-term private returns. They could at the same time ensure a better school-to-work transition for those who decide to leave school and inform them of the possibilities to reengage in studies later on.
  • To facilitate the dissemination of knowledge and practices across manufacturing and service sectors and improve the innovation performance overall, specific innovation policies and, more important, framework conditions have to be improved.
  • At the HIGHER EDUCATION LEVELS, policies should focus on increasing success rates. This should be achieved by a diversification of education streams and opportunities and quality improvements gained through enhanced scientific capacity and stronger autonomy and accountability of institutions.
  • RAISING FEES FOR TERTIARY EDUCATION while developing the loan system (perhaps with repayment contingent on post-graduation income) would be more equitable and raise efficiency.
  • Government action should focus on extending the application of the certification system, becoming more involved in quality assurance and stimulating demand for training by improving information and guidance about opportunities.
  • The government should implement its plan to provide funding directly to the demand side, including firms and entrepreneurial associations, rather than the traditional financing of operators (supply), and should target its support to low-opportunity individuals This restructuring has the potential to raise efficiency and improve consumer welfare by reducing prices and should be carried through and accompanied by appropriate measures to facilitate consumer switching.
  • More measures are needed, including easing dismissal rules and simplifying procedures for dismissals which would it make more attractive for employers to offer regular contracts and raise the dynamic efficiency of the economy.
  • On the labour supply side, it would be desirable to review the unemployment and related benefit system – and its interaction with the tax system – to achieve the appropriate balance between providing income support for job seekers and preserving work incentives. This should involve both enhancing the effectiveness of active labour market policies and tightening up benefit programmes and also requires improving the performance of the Public Employment Service (PES).
Tendo em consideração as recomendações económicas (mas não só concerteza) da OCDE, para mim, o referido Compromisso não passa de um instrumento de hipnotização, como poderá ser o Relógio da imagem.
Num post seguinte abordarei a Science, Technology, and Innovation, tendo em consideração apreciações do Banco Mundial, que só acentuarão o gap entre o que precisaríamos de fazer, e aquilo que, os que dizem que mandam, querem porque querem que façamos.
  • Neste país, somente, um estado de hipnose colectiva permanente é que poderá explicar como viabilizamos muitas ideias incoerentes e inconsequentes, e que acabamos todos por pagar.
  • Falando nisto, se contarmos, regressivamente, os inteiros a partir do número 3, conseguiremos nós, para sossego de todos, que desapareçam o Hipnotismo colectivo, o Relógio (é de ouro, mas passo) e, muito, muito principalmente, o Hipnotizador?

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